# SAT Math Test - Subject Areas

The 2016 SAT Math Test is a broad assessment of the mathematical skills that are seen as essential for post-secondary study irrespective of discipline. Four content areas are included that cover all Math Test questions: Heart of Algebra, Problem Solving and Data Analysis, Passport to Advanced Math, and Additional Topics in Math. Students will receive an overall section score of 200-800, a Math Test score of 10-40, and subscores on the first three content areas that range from 1 to 15. A total of 16 questions on the Math Test also count toward the Analysis in History/Social Studies and Analysis in Science cross-test scores (8 questions each). Cross-test scores are given on a scale of 10 to 40.

## Heart of Algebra

Test-takers will see 19 Heart of Algebra questions included among the 58 total questions on the 2016 SAT Math Test. Heart of Algebra questions require students to write and solve linear equations, linear functions, and linear equalities. This question category also includes absolute value expressions, inequalities, and equations in addition to systems of linear equations and relationships between linear equations and lines in the coordinate plane. Students must pay special attention to the context of each question, which can be presented either as a word problem, graph, or written equation.

## Problem Solving and Data Analysis

The SAT Math Test includes 17 Problem Solving and Data Analysis questions. Successful performance on these questions requires the ability to infer patterns, calculate probabilities, and recognize relationships using quantitative reasoning skills. Problems are taken from the social sciences, real-life contexts, and scientific research. Some problems require test-takers to make use of quantitative information contained in tables, graphs, or charts. Essential skills for Problem Solving and Data Analysis include the use of ratios and proportions, statistical analysis, and relating graphics and equations to information presented in prose format.

Passport to Advanced Math is the subject of 16 SAT Math Test questions. These questions are intended to prepare students for advanced mathematical study in college. The equations found in Passport to Advanced Math problems are more complex than those that appear in conjunction with Heart of Algebra questions. In general, students must be able to recognize structure and patterns and draw conclusions about context in order to successfully solve Passport to Advanced Math problems. Specific skills include operations with polynomials, building quadratic equations and functions, solving radical equations, rational equations, and systems of equations, understanding graphs of functions, and analyzing complex equations in context.